### PH 281 - ELECTROMAGNETISM LAB This is a supporting course with an interplay of electrical devices and lab simulations. Labs include d.c. motors, capacitor discharge, radio tuning, current balance, magnetic compass, Hall probe, solenoid and transformers. Lab simulations include IV characteristic of many practical circuits. ### PH 282 -Mechanics II This course extends the knowledge base of the physics students and math majors in applying mathematical tools such as Lami's Theorem, cosine rule, sine rule and calculus in real world problem situation. Topics explored are equilibrium of forces, moments of a force, kinematics of a motion in a straight line, dynamics, connected particles, energy conservation, projectile motion and general motion of a particle.

This course further emphasizes on miscellaneous questions with due regard to equilibrium of rigid bodies, center of gravity, toppling, sliding, elasticity, and advance questions in differential equations and math modeling. Pre-requisites for this course are Mechanics I (PH 175), and first year of pure Mathematics. ### PH 280 - Electromagnetism This is a course with an extensive emphasis in the different fundamental field theories. Fuller treatment of circuit analysis and laws of induction are studied. Topics under electromagnetism are magnetic field, electric fields, electromagnetic induction, Biot- Savart law, Lenz law, Faraday’s law, FRH rule, current balance, and hall probe. Under electricity, topics covered are: electrostatic, electric devices, Kirchhoff’s law, balanced potentials, potentiometer, and other practical circuits. Pre-requisite for this course is PH175. ### PH 177 - Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Matter This course describes the idea that energy at the molecular level determines the physical state of the material and that the molecular structure of the material in that state determines its physical properties. Topics covered are phases of matter, deformation of solids, thermometry, heat transfer, black body radiation, Stefan’s law, Wien’s displacement law, thermal properties of material, laws of  ideal gases, average translational kinetic energy of a molecule, and the laws of thermodynamics. Pre-requisite for this course is CXC physics. ### PH 176- MECHANICS I Lab This is a supporting course encompassing investigations such as determining the value of g, terminal velocity; Newton’s second law using an inclined plane, the law of conservation of momentum, , triangle of forces, moments, and center of gravity under Mechanics 1. Under Matter, topics investigated are Hookes’ constant, young’s modulus, elastic hysteresis, specific heat capacity, Charles’ Law, Boyle’s law, Newton’s law of cooling, the thermocouple, and thermal conductivity. ### PH 175 - Mechanics 1 The emphasis in this course is to develop the links between motion, force and energy. A sound grasp of key principles of mechanics is of substantial importance for topics in all other sections. This course includes: SI units, homogeneity of equation, kinematics of motion in a straight line, projectiles, Newton’s law of motion, momentum and its conservation, impulse, work, energy and power, forces, moments, circular motion, and gravitational field. Pre-requisites are CXC physics and co-requisites are college algebra, and trigonometry. 