This course examines the impact of internal and external factors that favored the development of Ancient African Civilizations. It emphasizes primarily on the development of African societies in relation to the environment, subsistence, trade, technology and socio-political organization. Additionally, it takes into account challenges historians confront in reconstructing Ancient African History from earliest times to contemporary period. The course also prepares students to locate and describe geographical sites of Ancient African Civilizations as well as facilitate students in identifying and recognizing African Continuity in Belize. 

  Atlantic History encompasses the study of the movement of peoples, ideas and things in the Atlantic World. These exchanges were essentially important in shaping the modern world and in making cultural diversity a key component of modern identity. This course intends to refocus the way we examine cultural patters in the development of Caribbean, American, European and African societies. Also, the content and skills cultivated during the study of this course is relevant to students who plan to advance in their study in History, or who may later venture into a profession related to International Development or International Relations, Archaeology, Anthropology or Education.

This course serves to provide a general overview of Belize's history from a Pre-Columbian era to Independence. This course examines Belize beyond the confines of its borders- it places Belize within the context of the Atlantic World. Clearly then, Belize's identity is not only created by its internal struggles but a integration of both internal and external conflicts. Topics which this course covers are: pre-Columbian society, Colonialism, Forestocracy, Enslavement, Multi-Cultural Belize, and Decolonization. Emphasis is also placed on the unfounded claim of Guatemala.


This course is designed to survey the Caribbean using an interdisciplinary approach that draws on perspectives, largely from the humanities and social sciences to provide an understanding of Caribbean society and cultures. This course not only increases the student knowledge of the role played by geography in shaping Caribbean society and culture (including diasporic communities) but it allows the student to develop a sense of appreciation for the multi-racial and multi-ethnic composition of the Caribbean, and the cultural traits which are present in the region as a result of Caribbean people’s experiences.

This course is designed to provide the integral foundation for students seeking to specialize in History or any course related to the Humanities or Social Science. The course  is divided into three units: What is History?, Philosophies in History, and Writing History.